Scientists from the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Science of Russia have developed a technology of the fastest way of receiving of the world’s most refractory material – a hafnium carbide – just for several minutes.
According to the press office of the Institute of Nuclear Physics, to receive the material that melts at temperatures exceeding 3900 degrees Celsius and is used in the nuclear industry, the scientists applied a method of electron-beam welding and layering.
Technology includes the dispersion of hafnium and carbon, the formation of the composite and heating by the directed beam of electrons. The raw material is added layer by layer, as if it was printed on a 3D printer.
New technology makes production less energy consuming and increases the quality of the material. At present, hafnium carbide is used for the manufacture of the equipment for nuclear reactors.